Influenza - Causes Symptoms Treatment

Influenza is of the genus Orthomixo viridi. N. A. It is an infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus. The disease, commonly known as the flu, infects birds and humans. The disease is caused by three types of viruses, A, B and C. infection‘A’ virus is the most common strain. Also, ‘A’ virus is the most deadly, while ‘B’ and ‘C’ viruses are mild. Humans are mainly infected with B and C viruses. In 1933, W., Smith F. W. Andrews and Patrick Ludlow isolated the ‘A’ virus. These viruses are 80 to 120 nanometers (10-9 m) in diameter. It takes a day or two from exposure to the virus to symptoms. In case of viral infection, it enters the bloodstream after 6 hours and takes effect within 24 hours. Inflammation of the columnar capillaries in the trachea occurs after the virus enters the respiratory tract. If left untreated, the inflammation can spread to the alveoli and cause pneumonia.

The disease, which has existed since ancient times, was first described in 1610. The name infection was coined by John Huxham in 1743 from the Italian word for "cold effect." The disease originated in Russia and later spread around the world. It was joined by waves. The first outbreak occurred in the winter of 1889-90. Then the wave of 1918-19 was the most intense. At that time, a quarter of a crore people died in India. The epidemic spread all over the world at the same time and mainly the young generation died in it. Worldwide outbreaks of the disease have been caused by the newly emerging subtypes of type A viruses. The virus is spread by the patient's coughing and sneezing. The disease is known by the name of the animal in which it occurs. For example, bird flu is known as bird flu, swine flu in pigs and horse flu in horses.

The primary symptoms of this disease are chills, severe pain in the head and limbs. Sometimes the light is not tolerated due to the headache. The disease can cause pneumonia, myocarditis, or meningitis in children and seniors. Fever raises the body temperature from 380 to 410 Celsius.

The sickness is analyzed by indications. In the first instance, the patient is given antidote, antipyretic, analgesic, or antibiotics in case of pneumonia. Preventive vaccination is required at the time of the outbreak. Spices and freezing are forbidden in the diet and it is advisable to follow a protein rich diet. The discharge does not spread around if a handkerchief is tied over the mouth. This is a preventive measure against the disease.

infection ‘A’ virus contains RNA. Has eight volumes. infection viruses are subtypes according to the type of hemoglatinin antibody and neuraminidase disorder. E.g. Human infection is H3N2 and H1N1, bird flu is H5N1 and swine flu is H3N1. The Spanish flu in 1918 was caused by the H1N1 virus. With this, Su. 1 crore individuals kicked the bucket. Every year, people die from some form of flu infection.

Influenza or flu

Influenza or flu is a common infectious disease. The affliction is by and large delicate. But for this disease I have at times shown great loss in the history of the world. Let's learn about the flu today.

Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during the monsoon and winter seasons in India. The disease puts children under the age of five at risk of serious illness.

Causes of influenza or flu

  • infection or flu is a contagious disease. The illness is brought about by the flu infection.
  • The viruses of these diseases are classified into three types A, B and C.
  • The infection A virus changes its form every few years. The virus spreads very fast and can cause epidemics. The virus is further classified according to its genetic variants.
  • The infection B virus also changes its form every few years. This disease pollutes you.

The spread of influenza

The flu is a contagious disease that can spread from person to person. Its potential to spread from one person to another is enormous. The infection is spread from one individual to another through the air.

The flu virus spreads as follows.

  • A person infected with the infection virus releases the virus into the air when they speak, sneeze, or cough. The virus enters a person's body through the breath of another person.
  • Also, the virus can be on the surface. If such a virus is applied to an infected surface and then applied to the face or eyes, it can cause an infection.
  • The infection can live on surfaces for quite a long time.
  • But the virus can live up to seventeen days in a cough.
  • The virus can reach you through table-chairs as well as electronic equipment buttons.

What are the symptoms of infection ?

The symptoms of influenza are usually as follows.

Most people with this condition show no symptoms of the disease and are referred to as asymptomatic carriers. 

  • The fever is initially mild but can later become moderate to severe. Often the fever is mild and goes away.
  • Some people have a problem with chills and fever.
  • The causes a cold. Side effects incorporate runny nose, nasal clog and sniffling.
  • Seasonal influenza can cause hacking. The cough may be dry or phlegm.
  • Sore throat and sore throat are also symptoms of the flu.
  • Flu can cause watery eyes and red eyes.
  • The flu can cause headaches for some people. This headache usually develops when there is a fever.
  • In addition, some people may experience symptoms such as pain in the hands and feet, joint pain.

It can be serious in some children and in people with other illnesses. Serious illness can kill. The symptoms of a serious illness are as follows.

  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Chest torture while unwinding.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Acute fever.
  • Pure loss.
  • All of these symptoms are symptoms of severe flu. These severe symptoms can kill the patient.
  • All of the above symptoms are also seen in Kovid.

How is influenza diagnosed?

Seasonal influenza is normally gentle. Therefore, the diagnosis of this disease is based on the symptoms. Some tests are needed if you have a serious illness. Also, since the symptoms of covid are similar, tests are needed to diagnose both.

  • Rapid antigen tests can be used to diagnose the flu.
  • Also rt-pcr test can be done to diagnose the flu.
  • These tests are performed in developed countries. These tests are also used to diagnose the spread of the flu.
  • In addition to this test, other tests may be needed if you have a serious illness. Chest X-rays as well as blood tests may be needed.

Flu treatment

As it is a viral mild form of the disease, it is treated with symptomatic treatment. But since the disease is serious in children as well as in people with some other ailments, such people need to be monitored.

  • In case of fever, paracetamol or ibuprofen is given to reduce the fever.
  • In case of fever, wipe the whole body with a damp cloth.
  • For cold and cough, steam hot water and rinse with lukewarm water.
  • Over-the-counter medications for colds and coughs can be used.
  • Drink plenty of water in this disease as the body loses water due to fever.
  • Oseltamivir is an antiviral drug used in children as well as in cases of other illnesses.
  • If there is a severe form of flu, the patient may need to be admitted to the ICU and given oxygen as well as breathing through a ventilator.

How to prevent the flu?

We must take care to prevent the flu. The flu is spread from person to person through the air. The following steps can be taken to prevent airborne diseases.

  • Do whatever it takes not to go to amassed places.
  • Stay away from people with cold, cough, fever.
  • Use a mask.
  • Wash your hands from time to time with soapy water.
  • Utilize the perfect measure of sanitizer.
  • The face and eyes should not be touched equally.
  • Wash table-chairs and other surfaces with soapy water.
  • If you have symptoms, you should stay home so that others do not get the disease.
  • Influenza vaccines are available and should be given to children under the age of five as well as people with other illnesses. The vaccine reduces the risk of flu and death.
  • The child ought to be solely breastfed for a half year. Breastfeeding can protect the baby from flu and diarrhea.
  • Avoid cold foods.
  • Cold warm clothes should be used properly.

Who is most in danger from seasonal influenza?

The flu is usually a common illness. For most people, the disease is mild and goes away on its own. However, people in the following groups may be at serious risk from this disease.

  • An elderly person over the age of fifty.
  • People suffering from diabetes and high blood pressure.
  • People with low immunity for a few other reasons.
  • Selves who take steroids.
  • Selves who smoke and use drugs.
  • Selves who use tobacco.
  • Malnourished parents and malnourished people who do not eat properly.
  • Low birth weight and untimely newborn children.
  • People with asthma, asthma and respiratory illness.
  • People working in hospitals as well as labs.

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