Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer : A well-known young gynecologist was taking acidity pills for stomach ache. Further investigation was carried out as yellowness was seen in the eye. A few days later, he was diagnosed with advanced pancreatic cancer. He died soon after as major surgery was not possible. It takes time to understand pancreatic cancer, there are many examples like this. Too late a diagnosis is not treatable and soon the patient dies.

The pancreas is an important organ in the back of the stomach. It produces digestive juices and insulin. Digestive juices help digestion. Insulin keeps sugar levels in check and low levels of insulin can lead to diabetes. The pancreas can also be affected by cancer. The cancer spreads faster than other cancers and the patient dies faster.

Today, an average of five lakh patients die of this disease every year in the world. Despite the availability of advanced therapies, only five percent of patients live up to five years after diagnosis.

Symptoms of pancreatic cancer:

Initially, the disease does not have many symptoms, but it does get worse as it progresses.

  • Pain in the upper abdomen and pain spreading to the back.
  • Jaundice- In the beginning of this jaundice there is no pain and yellowing increases.
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Feeling depressed

Causes of pancreatic cancer

Normal cells die due to genetic changes in our pancreatic cells. Tumors form when cancer cells proliferate. Pancreatic cancer is most often caused by a tube in the pancreas.

The following are the causes of pancreatic cancer.

‘Smoking’ overweight / obesity

Patients with pancreatitis and their family ‘pancreatic cancer in the family’ are persons aged 60 years and above. More to men. ‘White people are less likely to get this cancer’ The relationship between ‘diabetes’ pesticides and chemicals

When to consult a doctor?

When weight loss, loss of appetite, abdominal pain and jaundice increase, consult a doctor immediately. There are many causes for such symptoms. But the doctor will check and give the right advice.

Diagnosis and diagnosis of cancer

Ultrasound or sonography - 

the effects of pancreatic tumors on the gallbladder.

CT scan - This shows where the tumor is still in the abdomen and how far the cancer has spread.

MRI- This can also be done with an MRI machine.

Endoscopy with ERCP - 

Doctors examine the small intestine by inserting a thin rubber tube into the abdomen through the mouth for endoscopy. If there is a tumor where the pancreatic juice enters the intestine, a biopsy can also be taken. A biopsy is the removal of a small piece to diagnose a tumor.

If jaundice is severe, jaundice can be reduced by inserting a tube into the bile duct through this endoscopy. Reducing jaundice reduces the risk of surgery.

If endoscopy is not possible - 

a tube is inserted into the liver with a needle (PTC) and bile is removed. It also reduces jaundice.

In addition, laparoscopy, chest X-ray, PET scan, bone scan and other blood tests can show how much cancer has spread.

Pancreatic cancer is diagnosed after all the tests are done. It has three classes.

1. Removable cancer - 

If the cancer is small, the cancerous part of the pancreas (mostly the head) is completely removed. At the same time, the first part of the small intestine, the bile duct, has to be removed. This is called Whipples Operations. This operation has to be done skillfully and it is life threatening. However, due to recent experience and other facilities, the chances of cheating patients have decreased. If the whiplash operations are successful, the patient can live well for a few years.

2. Cancer that spreads to surrounding organs - 

If the cancer has spread, the bile ducts and stomach are connected to the intestine by surgery or endoscopy to create a different pathway. It reduces jaundice. The patient can eat. But the life span of such patients is only a few months.

3. Cancer spread to distant organs. - 

New drugs can be used to control this cancer. But these drugs are very expensive.

Consequences of this cancer

  • Jaundice, itching, darkening of urine.
  • Stomach and back pain.
  • Intestinal obstruction, vomiting, defecation.
  • Weight loss, diabetes.
  • Cheating the patient

How to prevent this cancer?

  • Stop smoking
  • Keep the weight in proportion. Lose weight slowly (half a kilo a week).
  • Exercise regularly for 30 minutes every day.
  • Good diet - Include fruits, vegetables and chapatis in the diet.

Although few people get pancreatic cancer, it is noticed late. It is widespread until diagnosed. Its surgery is serious and dangerous. This limits the life of the patient. Often after jaundice, patients take other remedies and avoid going to the doctor. But if the jaundice does not go away in a week or two, it is necessary to go to the doctor immediately.

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