Rabies - Symptoms Vaccine

Rabies is a disease caused mainly by dog ​​bites. This disease is very life threatening and only with timely and proper treatment can life be saved.

According to the World Health Organization, there is very little public awareness about medical treatment after a dog bite. Accordingly, in excess of 59,000 individuals overall kick the bucket every year from disease.

India alone records for 36% of the world's diseasepassings. The prevalence of diseaseis higher in Asia and Africa.

Consistently September 28 is commended as 'World Rabies Day'. The general public does not know much about this disease. So we tried to find out the answers to the questions that fell to the common people from the experts.

What is rabies?

Rabies is a viral disease that is spread by animal bites.

Once the diseasevirus enters a patient's body, it attacks the central nervous system. This causes swelling in the patient's head and spine.

According to the World Health Organization, if the disease virus enters a patient's head, the patient may go into a coma or die.

Some patients have problems with paralysis. Sometimes there is a sudden change in the patient's behavior and the patient appears to be more hyper.

Dr. who works as a senior veterinary officer in an organization called Supertels, which works for animals. Pooja Kadu says, "Once the disease virus enters the human body, it starts spreading very fast."

Experts say that once disease is diagnosed, there is no cure. Therefore, preventive measures are most important after animal bites.

How Does disease spread?

Rabies is found mainly in wild animals but also to some extent in domestic pets.

The sickness is spread through the salivation of contaminated creatures.

According to the National Center for Disease Control (NCDC), the disease virus enters the human body through animal saliva due to animal bites, scratches on the limbs, and open wounds on the human .

In 95% of cases in India, disease is caused by a dog. So, in 2 percent of cases disease is caused by cats and in 1 percent of cases by foxes or mongooses.

Rabies Symptoms

According to experts, the symptoms of disease are sometimes noticed too late. But, until then, treatment is likely to be difficult.

Infectious Disease Specialist of Nanavati Hospital Dr. Harshad Limaye says, "Symptoms start appearing within a week to a year after being infected with disease."

Notwithstanding, manifestations as a rule show up inside 2-3 months. According to the World Health Organization,

Fever and body aches

Inflammation of the brain and spine after the virus enters the central nervous system

Furious disease changes the patient's behavior. The patient becomes hyper or they become afraid of water

Death due to a severe heart attack

In paralytic disease the muscles gradually weaken. The patient goes into a coma and then dies

He goes on to say, "In 100 per cent of cases, the patient dies if not treated immediately."

4. How to clean creature chomps?

The virus enters the human body through the saliva of animals. Therefore, it is most important to clean the wound after the animal has been bitten.

Dr. Limaye says, "Proper treatment of wounds after an animal bite is crucial. It helps control the spread of the infection to other parts of the body, which reduces further complications."

The National Center for Disease Control (NCDC) has issued guidelines on how to clean wounds caused by animal bites.

The saliva on the injured area should be cleaned as soon as possible.

Wash the injury with cleanser and water for 15 minutes.

After washing the wound, apply antiseptic on it.

If soap or antiviral substances (alcohol, providone iodine) are not available, the wound should be washed with water.

Tetanus injections should be given to prevent infection in the wound.

Patients who have been bitten by a dog should be given mental support.

Seek medical help immediately from a doctor or hospital.

5. Do not apply to wounds caused by animal bites

According to experts,

Do not touch the wound with simple hands, clean hands before touching.

Do not apply soil, oil, lemon, chalk, chilli powder on the wound.

Do not bandage the wound.

6. When to go to the Treatment?

A patient's life can be saved if proper medical treatment is given immediately after a dog or animal bite.

The director of the emergency department of Fortis Hospital, Dr. Sandeep Gore says, "After a dog or cat bite, the injured area should be washed immediately with soap and water and taken to the hospital. Everyone should keep in mind that disease control is the only option."

Due to lack of awareness among the people about disease and medical treatment, people go to doctors late for treatment. In some cases the patient dies until he is admitted to the hospital for treatment.

Experts say that after an animal is bitten or scratched by an animal, it should be treated immediately by going to a doctor or hospital.

Docter Harshad Limaye says, "If the animal has a scratch on the body, the patient is immediately vaccinated against disease . However, if there is bleeding from the wound or if there is contact with the saliva of the animal, disease immunoglobulin is given along with the vaccine."

Immediate medical treatment after an animal bite results in proper treatment of the symptoms and control of the spread of the disease.

Veterinary Officer Docter We learned from Pooja Kadu how the disease vaccine is given after animal bites.

"5 doses of the diseasevaccine are required to counter disease . The vaccine is given on the same day after the animal is bitten. This is named multi age. It is followed by the third, seventh, 14th and 28th day of the vaccine," she said.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported similar vaccinations after animal bites.

Animals are similarly vaccinated against disease.

7. Misconceptions about rabies

There is a lack of public awareness about diseaseand a lot of misconceptions.

"Treatment for disease involves injecting into the abdomen for 14 consecutive days, or applying turmeric, hydrogen-peroxide, herbs, and ghee to the wound after a dog bite to control the spread of the infection," he said. Limaye says.

8. Who is vaccinated against rabies?

Dr. Pooja Kadu further says, "Pets like domestic dogs, cats are vaccinated against disease. It is also given to veterinary officers, doctors, staff and those working with animals as a preventive measure."

She added that there is no shortage of disease vaccines. The disease vaccine is available at every primary health center in rural areas.

9. What is done with rabies infected animals?

Veterinary Officer Docter. "There are many instances of disease in canines. If an animal is suspected to have disease, it is monitored. These animals are isolated in government hospitals or isolation wards of social organizations working for animals," Kadu said.

Regular vaccination of animals is important to prevent rabies. Dr. Kadu added, "Animals are given two doses of rabies vaccine in the first year. After that, one dose is given every year."

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