Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy : Radiation is used to reduce the size of the tumor before cancer surgery, or to prevent cancer from recurring after surgery. Sometimes chemotherapy and radiation therapy are given in combination to make the treatment more comprehensive. Radiation therapy is used to relieve the symptoms of the disease even when the disease is severe and there is no hope of recovery.

It's summer here in the United States. The day is longer than 15 hours and the afternoon temperature reaches 33 degrees. All the nature looks very rich due to the trees full of lush green leaves and the gardens decorated with flowers and vegetables. The sun's rays cause all this magic. We learn this lesson in primary school that leaves grow with their help. Man also benefits a lot from sunlight.

Nice sunshine not only keeps the mind happy but also makes the vitamin D we need in the skin. The energy contained in these rays can also harm the human body. Ultraviolet rays are very effective in sun rays and their excessive contact can damage the cells. This can lead to skin cancer called melanoma. Even though the good and bad properties of the sun's rays are predictable, controlling these forces is beyond human reach. This situation changed at the end of the 19th century. In 1895, German professor Rontjan coincidentally discovered X-rays in an experiment. These rays are similar to the ultraviolet rays of the sun but have shorter wavelengths and higher energy. Scientists and the general public were amazed by the rays that penetrated these invisible and yet many solids and showed their intuition. X-rays were immediately used, especially to find out where the bullet was stuck and to operate on the soldiers. Shortly afterward, in 1898, Marie Curie and her husband, Pierre, discovered radium, a natural radioactive chemical. This led to the establishment of a new medical branch called Radiation Therapy. The lumps on the outer limb were seen to literally melt using X-rays. It was also believed that hot summer springs cure diseases because of their radioactive properties. This led people to believe that radiation was a wonderful and panacea for all ailments. It was initially thought that small amounts of X-rays would not cause any discomfort and that the disadvantages of overuse would be temporary.

Just weeks after Professor Rontjan released his information, a doctor in Chicago used X-rays to treat cancer. Over the next 30-40 years, there were many experiments on how to use radium and X-rays properly. Radium was useful for radiation on small areas, small wounds, and X-rays were suitable for large and external areas. Radium was also given through water and air. While doing all this, many mistakes were made, people were injured but this gave a very valuable experience about radiation therapy. The important change that took place was the introduction of the method of dividing X-rays into several parts without having to do all at once.

In radiation therapy, X-rays hit the cancerous growth with the right aim. The energy contained in these waves causes the internal structure of the cancer cells to collapse, and alternatively these cells are destroyed. If the rest of the good cells are found in the wound, they are also injured, and this can lead to radiation-related side effects. X-rays that penetrate deep into the body with minimal damage to the outer skin are produced with the help of modern machinery. When the cancerous growth is not in the way of external rays, it is treated by keeping the radioactive material in the body for a limited period of time, which is called brachytherapy.

In some types of cancer, if the tumor is small, the patient is cured by X-ray treatment. Radiation is used to reduce the size of the tumor before surgery, or to prevent cancer from recurring after surgery. Sometimes chemotherapy and radiation therapy are given in combination to extend the treatment. Radiation therapy is used to relieve the symptoms of the disease even when there is no hope of recovery.

X-rays and their use in modern medicine are important not only for cancer but also for the daily lives of all of us. With the advancement of scientific knowledge and modern more secure machines, X-rays are widely used not only for the treatment of patients but also for diagnosis in healthy people. For this, the entire human race is indebted to the fathers of these inventions. Professor Rontjan and the Curie couple were honored with the Nobel Prize for this work.

If radiation therapy is thought to be a treatment using giant machines and external objects, then hormone therapy is the opposite. Hormones are hormones that are produced in our body and are needed in natural processes. Many glands produce a variety of hormonal chemicals that regulate difficult processes, from simple things like thirst and hunger to growth and reproduction.

Hormones and their use for cancer also began in the late nineteenth century. A doctor named George Bitson noticed that if a rabbit's ovary was removed, it would stop producing milk. Then people wondered how one sense could control the other even though it was far away. This led to the idea of ​​removing the ovaries in breast cancer patients and slowing down the growth of the cancer. The hormones in the ovaries and their effect on the breast were later proved. In this way, even before the discovery of hormones, their effect on cancer was understood. The most important estrogen hormone in a woman's body is made in the ovaries. Many young patients with breast cancer are treated by removing the ovaries and giving them hormonal drugs. In men, such remedies are successful for prostate cancer. The growth of the prostate gland requires the hormone testosterone, which is mostly produced in the testicles. The incidence of this cancer is higher in men and the growth of cancer is prevented by removing the testicles or using anti-hormonal drugs.

Hormone deficiency helps control cancer but also has a number of adverse effects on fertility and sexual ability. It can be treated once the cancer is cured. Hormone therapy is given in combination with nusti or chemotherapy. Over the last one hundred and fifty years, many treatments for cancer, such as surgery, radiation and hormone therapy, and chemotherapy, have become available. Which and when to use depends on the type and condition of the cancer and should be decided on the advice of a specialist.

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