TB - Symptoms Causes Type Treatment

TB is an infectious disease. Which is caused by the bacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis in English. The most common effect of this disease is on the lungs. In addition to the lungs, Tuberculosisis found in the brain, uterus, mouth, liver, kidneys, throat, etc. (Tuberculosis) can occur.

Tuberculosis of the lungs is called pulmonary and tuberculosis of the body is called extra pulmonary. T.B. is a disease that is transmitted from person to person through the air.

Tuberculosis  is known by many names. Many people call it T.B. some people call it tuberculosis and some people call it tuberculosis. March 24 is World Tuberculosis Day.

When a Tuberculosis  patient coughs and sneezes, tiny drops from the mouth and nose spread the disease. No tuberculosis spreads from one person to another except the lungs.

These bacteria grow in areas of the body that contain blood and oxygen. Tuberculosis therefore occurs mainly in the lungs, for this reason, it is also called Pulmonary T.B.

Tuberculosis is dangerous, because the part of the body that got tuberculosis and if not treated properly becomes useless. It is a deadly disease. Tuberculosis  kills many people every year. Tuberculosis is more common in adults than in children.

T.B. symptoms 

The following symptoms are most common in tuberculosis patients.


Tuberculosis affects the lungs the most, so the initial symptom of T.B.  is a cough. Initially there is a dry cough, but then the cough is accompanied by bloating and blood. If you have been coughing for more than two weeks, you need to be tested for tuberculosis.


Tuberculosis reduces the ability to fight the disease. Which causes the T.B. patient to lose strength. When the patient does less work, he gets tired.


Sweating is a symptom of  T.B. The patient breaks out in sweat while sleeping at night. Despite the cold period, tuberculosis causes sweating at night.


People who have TB have a constant fever. Initially, low-grade fever persists, but as the infection spreads, the fever intensifies.

Difficulty breathing

When you get TB. Then comes a cough, which makes it difficult to breathe. Excessive coughing makes it very difficult to breathe.

Bleeding when coughing

Tuberculosis causes excessive coughing, if coughing increases, coughing up blood.

Weight loss

Weight loss after tuberculosis. Weight reduction will be trailed by weakness and consistent tirednessSCY. At the same time, Tuberculosis  patients begin to lose interest in food.

Abdominal pain and constipation

Tuberculosis can lead to diarrhea and abdominal pain.

Causes of TB

Tuberculosis is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

TB bacteria are spread in the air by infected patients and enter the respiratory tract of a healthy person.

When a person with tuberculosis coughs, sneezes, or spits. Infectious aerosol drops then come out of their mouths. One sneeze can release about 40,000 aerosol drops. These drops are more likely to spread the disease.

Tuberculosis  mainly affects people. Who have the following problems. Let's see what the problem is. That is why such people get early tuberculosis  infection.

A person with a weakened immune system - 

It is said that a person's immunity is very important because it is able to fight diseases. Having a good immune system reduces the incidence of disease.

For this reason, a person with a weakened immune system is more likely to develop Tuberculosis  . The chances of getting the disease are high.

People with diabetes - 

If a person has diabetes, they are more likely to get tuberculosis.

Therefore, a person with diabetes should take special care of their health and that person should be treated thoroughly. So that he does not have any serious problems.

People with Kidney Disease - 

It has often been found that T.B.  is more common in people with kidney disease.

For this reason, such people should be properly treated for their kidney disease.

People exposed to any type of infection - 

There are many diseases that are mainly caused by contact with one type of infection.

This includes T.B. disease that affects people. Who have AIDS or any other infection.

Types of Tuberculosis (Types)

Active TB

In active T.B. tuberculosis bacteria develop in the body and all the symptoms of tuberculosis appear. It spreads easily from an infected person to a healthy person.

Pulmonary TB

Pulmonary tuberculosis is the primary form of tuberculosis, affecting the lungs. Which you have learned about above.

Extra Pulmonary TB

The disease occurs elsewhere in the lungs, such as in the bones, kidneys, and lymphnodes.

Latent TB

In latent tuberculosis, the bacteria remain dormant in the body because the body's immune system does not allow it to become active. It shows no symptoms of T.B. In this state, the disease does not spread from one person to another, but in the future it can become active and become a disease.

We should not ignore any illness. Because it can take a life-threatening form over time. This also applies to tuberculosis, if a person is not treated for tuberculosis at the right time, it can cause death.

T.B. (Tuberculosis) Other diseases that occur

We should not ignore any illness. Because it can take a life-threatening form over time. This also applies to tuberculosis, if a person is not treated for tuberculosis at the right time, it can cause death.

Back pain (spinal pain)

This is the main symptom of T.B. In which a person suffers from back pain. However, this problem can be cured by exercise, but if it persists for a long time, it will require spinal surgery.

Having liver and kidney problems

Tuberculosis can sometimes affect a person's liver or kidneys.

Although, it is possible to treat them, but still it is harmful.

Tissue swelling

Tuberculosis sometimes affects the tissues surrounding the heart. This causes the tissue to swell and fluid to build up. As a result, the heart's ability to pump begins to be affected. This is a life threatening situation.

Inflammation in the membrane

According to experts, T.B. also affects a person's brain. When T.B. When left untreated for a long time, it causes inflammation of the membranes and increases the risk of rupture of blood vessels in the brain.

To die

This is the biggest risk of tuberculosis. When tuberculosis reaches its final stage, treatment in such a situation has no effect. So T.B. causes people to die.

T.B. Treatment 

Blood testing - 

This is the easiest way to treat tuberculosis, in which a person's blood is tested. This test measures the level of TB growth in a person's body.

X-rays - 

X-rays are often used to treat tuberculosis. In such a case, the person's chest is x-rayed and it is known how bad his chest is due to tuberculosis.

Taking Medications - 

Often a doctor diagnoses T.B. Some medications are given to that person for the treatment of. These drugs help to destroy the Tuberculosis  tissue in the human body. Therefore, tuberculosis does not spread to other parts of the body.

Ayurvedic treatment - 

Ayurvedic treatment is becoming very popular nowadays, as it plays an effective role in treating many ailments. For this reason, T.B. The sufferer can resort to Ayurvedic method to cure this disease.

Homeopathic remedies - 

People's trust in homeopathy is growing. People prefer to choose homeopathic instead of allopathic. Because the risks are very small. Therefore, a person suffering from tuberculosis can be treated with homeopathic remedies.

How can tuberculosis be prevented?

Tuberculosis is the third leading cause of death in the world, and T.B. patients face many problems. But despite this, the good news is that if people take a little precaution, they can greatly reduce the risk of developing tuberculosis.

Use a handkerchief or tissue paper when coughing or sneezing - 

T.B. is caused by an infection as mentioned above. For this reason, everyone should use a handkerchief or tissue paper when coughing or sneezing.

So that the virus does not reach any other person through their nose and they do not get any disease.

Wash your hands well after coughing or sneezing -

 if your hands are not clean, you may get sick. Therefore, we should all keep our hands clean and wash our hands well before eating. So that the hands do not infect you.

All vaccines should be taken from time to time - 

as many diseases are spreading now, but the reassuring thing is that there are many vaccines for all these diseases, which can save people from getting sick.

All people should be vaccinated from time to time. So that their immunity will improve and they will stay healthy.

Eating nutritious food - 

As you know, food has a direct effect on your health.

This T.B. Is also applicable, as it is found that tuberculosis is the cause of malnutrition. Therefore, everyone should take special care of their food and consume only nutritious food.

Staying in touch with a doctor - 

This is something that everyone should follow. If a person is infected with TB If treatment is ongoing, he should consult a doctor until he is completely healthy.

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