Vitamins - Types Source Needed

Vitamins : Carbohydrates, fats, proteins are essential for the growth of all living things. In addition to these carbonaceous substances, certain specific carbon compounds are required in small quantities. Blunders in these mixtures stunt the development of living things. They also have some disorders. Such carbon compounds are called fiber. Christian Eikmann's research on beriberi disorder (1893-97) found that defects in certain foods are caused by defects in certain foods. 

The body needs a small amount of fiber. Nutrients take part in metabolic exercises in the body alongside vicarious as covaric and energizer. Plants produce almost all of the fiberor their precursor compounds. In contrast, all animals have to rely on nutrients in their diet for fibers. Unlike nutrients, fibers are not digested. However they are absorbed in the stomach and small intestine. They are then transported to the body parts as needed by the circulatory system. fiberare grouped into fat-soluble fat and water-soluble water-soluble. A, D, E, K are fat soluble and B, C are water soluble fibers.

The gathering of fat-solvent nutrients incorporates nutrients A, D, E and K. Even if food is cooked in the usual way, these fibers are not destroyed.

Vitamin A: 

It is a solid alcohol and is yellow. Red and yellow fruits are rich in Vitamin A. Liver of sharks, halibut, tuna, seals, whales, polar bears is abundant. It can be obtained from oil extracted from fish liver. It is found in milk and milk cream, butter and ghee as well as spinach, cilantro, maize, turmeric, sweet potato, tomato, carrot, red pumpkin. Nutrient An is found in creature oils as retinol and dehydroretinol. In plant matter it is in the form of pigment called carotene. Carotene is a herald of supplement A. In the body it is converted into retinol. Adults need 900 micrograms of vitamin A daily.

Vitamin A deficiency causes blurred vision and night blindness. Overdose of this vitamin is toxic. This causes excessive growth of the liver and spleen, as well as dryness of the skin and loss of hair on the head, eyebrows and eyelids.

Vitamin D: 

There are different types of Vitamin D, D2 and D3. The chemical names of Vitamin D2 are Argocalciferol, Calciferol, Viosterol. Nutrient D3 is called cholecalciferol.  7-Dihydrocholesterol is a precursor of vitamin D3 in the skin of all animals. It is converted to cholecalciferol by ultraviolet rays in the scorching sun. Argosterol and yeast contain ergosterol.

Vitamin D is found in very small amounts in plants. In all animals it is present in small quantities in the stomach and liver. It is found in oils obtained from shark and cod liver. Vitamin D is not sufficient in daily diet. So if you use liver oil or sit in the sun, you can make up for the lack of vitamin D. Adults take 15 mg daily. Vitamin D is essential. Its function and the function of the parathyroid hormone in the parotid gland complement each other. Vitamin D controls the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus. Vitamin D affects the formation of bones and teeth in the body. This increases the absorption of both calcium and phosphorus. Vitamin D maintains regular levels of phosphate in the blood.

Vitamin D deficiency causes changes in the bones of children's wrists, wrists and legs. Cartilage forms at the ends of the long bones in the body, the bones bend and the legs become crooked, the skull bones do not calcify and the teeth decay. These symptoms are called mumps disorder. Standard admission of nutrient D in a sloppy kid forestalls the discharge of gastrointestinal minerals and forestalls mumps problems. Accordingly, Vitamin D is called Pratimuddus Vitamin. Vitamin D deficiency in adults causes osteoporosis. As a result, the amount of calcium in the bones decreases and the bones become brittle. Nutrient D excess causes poisonousness. Blood calcium and phosphorus levels rise, calcium builds up in the kidneys and blood vessels, and causes headaches, fatigue, and abdominal pain.

Vitamin E: 

Its substance name is tocopherol. Vitamin E is naturally found in vegetable oils as alpha, beta, gamma and delta-tocopherol. Ordinary cooking doesn't obliterate this nutrient; But singing sprats annihilates this nutrient.

Vitamin E is found in all types of foods. Safflower, peanut, maize and vinegar oils, cereals, pulses, green leafy vegetables contain vitamin E. Salt (lettuce) verdant vegetables and garlic (alpha-alpha) grasses are high in nutrient E in raw grain oil. Vitamin E is also found in butter, egg yolk and liver. Adults are given daily su. 15 mg Takes vitamin E.

Vitamin E acts as an antioxidant and covalent in various cells. Prevents oxidation of fatty acids in the body, vitamins A and C. Lipid peroxide is stored in the blood cells due to vitamin E deficiency, and the cells are destroyed quickly due to lesions in the cell membrane. Fluid swelling and vitiligo are caused by adverse effects on the permeability of blood in the capillaries. Vitamin E deficiency stunts muscle growth. Experiments on rats have shown that vitamin E is useful in female infertility and testicular degeneration in males. It is essential for fertility and infertility, abortion etc. Used for misshapenings. Overdose of this vitamin does not cause toxicity.

Vitamin K:

The chemical name of this vitamin is methyl naphthoquinone. H. Dam and e. A. Daisy was awarded the 1943 Nobel Prize for her research on vitamin K.

Vitamin K is abundant in green leafy vegetables, especially spinach. It is also found in cabbage, cauliflower, tomatoes, soybeans, mayonnaise and fish powder. Bacteria in the small intestine produce these vitamins from the precursors of food. Adults are given daily su. 120 micrograms of nutrient K is required. Prothrombin is a protein needed for blood clotting and is produced in the liver. Vitamin K acts as a breakdown during the production of prothrombin in the liver. Prothrombin is an antecedent to the protein thrombin. Deficiency of this vitamin takes time for blood to clot. Vitamin K works to prevent excessive bleeding. Vitamin K is given to pregnant mothers before delivery and to newborns if there is a possibility of excessive bleeding.

The group of water soluble vitamins includes group B vitamins and vitamin C.

Group B Vitamins: 

This group contains 11 different vitamins. The action of these vitamins is in the form of covariance and accelerator. These vitamins are often found in the same food. This load of parts disintegrate in water. So if the vegetables are washed after chopping or the water used in cooking vegetables or food is thrown away, these vitamins are wasted with water.

Vitamin B1: 

Chemical names Anurine and Thiamine All foods contain small amounts of thiamine. Hatsadi rice, bran wheat, millet, sorghum, wheat bran, vegetables, eggs, meat and marine fish are rich in thiamine. It is required in the form of thiamine pyrophosphate for the metabolism of carbohydrates in cells. Vitamin B1 is essential for normal growth and function of the nervous system. Symptoms include loss of appetite, weight loss, crooked feet, decreased heart rate, brain damage, and loss of balance. These symptoms are called polyneuritis or beriberi. The disorder is found in areas of the world where rice is the staple food and in people who drink heavily. Polishing destroys vitamin B1 from rice bran.

Vitamin B2: 

Its compound name is riboflavin. Oats, beats, meat, milk, and so forth are rich in this vitamin. Every day Su. 2-2 5 mg. Nutrient B2 is required. It participates in ATP formation as a covariance. They are essential for ATP cell respiration and growth, cell regeneration, and cell repair. This nutrient is made by digestive microorganisms. Antibiotics affect bacteria and reduce the production of this fiber. Its defects include cracking of the edges of the mouth, reddening and inflammation of the tongue, and swelling of the skin around the edges of the nose, eyes, and ears.

Vitamin B3: 

It is known as niacin, nicinamide, nicotinamide, nicotinic corrosive. All types of grains and animal foods contain vitamin B3 and 12-18 mg daily.  Vitamin B3 is a component of nicotinamide and is essential for activity. Vitamin B3 deficiency is a skin disorder called pelvic floor disease. In this disorder the skin becomes swollen red and then black and rough, the tongue becomes black and rough. Tricks the development of youngsters. Maize is a major nutrient in the region.

Vitamin B6:

Its synthetic name is pyridoxine. Organic, green leafy vegetables, bananas, rice bran, wheat bran, cereals, cereals, seafood, egg yolk, liver contains vitamin B6 and 2-3 mg daily. 

The next three vitamins in group B are not numbered.

Pantothenic acid:

This vitamin is abundant in fermented, cereals, whole grains, peas, wheat bran, egg yolk, liver, kidneys and spleen. It is caused by Escherichia coli bacteria in the human intestine. 6-10 mg daily to the body. It contains pantothenic corrosive. Pantothenic acid is not normally found in humans.


This vitamin is also known as H. Organic, green leafy vegetables, peas, cereals, whole grains, cocoa, milk, eggs, chicken, liver and kidneys contain biotin. In humans, biotin is synthesized by intestinal bacteria and it takes about 30 micrograms per day.

Folic acid: 

This vitamin is also known as folic acid and teroliglutamic acid. Cereals, greens, bananas and spinach are high in folic acid. The body needs 400 micrograms of acid per day. Folic acid is required for the synthesis of nucleic acids in cells, for cell division, for the formation of blood cells in the bone marrow. Symptoms of this defect include diarrhea, gingivitis, bone marrow enlargement, anemia, and vitiligo.

Vitamin B12:

 It has chemical names like cyanocobalamin and cobramide. Vitamin B12 is deficient in animal products. It is more common in the liver and kidneys. But not in plants. Therefore, vitamin B12 deficiency disorders can occur in completely vegetarian people. Nutrient B12 is combined by microscopic organisms in the human digestive system. Vitamin B12 participates in protein synthesis, carbohydrate and fat metabolism and protein synthesis. The daily requirement is 1-2.4 micrograms. Vitamin B12 deficiency causes fatal vitiligo. This leads to a decrease in the amount of white blood cells, impaired endocrine gland function and degeneration of the spinal cord. During pregnancy, the mother is injected with the right amount of folic acid. In addition, lipoic acid, inositol and choline are also included in vitamin B group.

Vitamin C: 

Its name is ascorbic acid. Lemons,  grapes. Strawberries, bananas, pineapples, apples, watermelons, amla, green leafy vegetables, twisted cereals, tomatoes, wet peas, legumes, cabbage, beets and carrots are rich in vitamin . This vitamin needs to be supplied from food. Daily requirement is 90 mg. Is. It is essential for the formation of collagen vitamins in connective tissue. The disorder caused by vitamin C deficiency is called scurvy. These disorders include weight loss, fatigue, swollen joints, brittle bones and weakened muscles, swollen gums, bleeding, and even a gentle touch can cause bleeding from the gums. As a result, the teeth become loose. Deficiency of this vitamin weakens the immune system.

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