Osteoporosis - Symptoms Causes Treatment

Osteoporosis Diseases that occur after the age of 60 are now appearing even at a young age. The two most common diseases in seniors include osteoporosis and joint wear.

We need to change the definition of seniority as times change. In the past, after the age of 60, it was called 'Jyeshtha'. But nowadays, with the advancement of medicine, life expectancy has increased. That is why many people are working even in their 70s. But on the other hand, it is found that the diseases that occur after the age of 60 are now appearing even at a young age. The two most common diseases in seniors include brittle bones and joint wear. Let's take a look at brittle bones.

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The process of forming new bone and destroying old cells in each bone continues throughout life. As you grow older, the process of cell formation slows down. But the process of destroying old cells continues. This increases the risk of brittle bones. Diet is very important for maintaining strong bones. Just as the diet must contain adequate amounts of protein, minerals, calcium, and vitamins, certain hormones in the body and regular physical activity are important. Osteoporosis is exacerbated by age-related dietary changes, hormonal deficiencies, poor physical activity, and diabetes. Osteoporosis is more common in women, especially after menopause.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is called the silent thief. Many people do not notice the symptoms until a fracture occurs. However, body aches / back pain or bone pain may be a symptom. Slow bending of the back and loss of height is also a symptom. Even a light blow can easily fracture a patient. The most common fractures are in the bones of the spine, hip and wrist.

Causes of Osteoporosis

  • Calcium deficiency in the diet
  • Lack of ‘wheel-D’ in the body
  • Sit-work-less physical movement
  • Alcohol or tobacco consumption
  • Kidney disease
  • Diabetes

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Diagnosis of Osteoporosis

X-rays of the spine and bones, Bone Mineral Density (BMD), Dexa Scan as well as blood tests like Vil-D levels, Ca levels etc. This indicates the incidence of brittle bones.

Treatment of Osteoporosis

Patients should carefully avoid falling, otherwise a fracture could occur at any time. It is very important to exercise regularly, stop drinking alcohol and tobacco.

Medications - Bone-strengthening drugs such as Vit - D supplements, calcium, supplements

Arthroplasty such as Biophosphonates, Calcitonin, Teriperatiode, Harmonal theropy. In case of fracture, certain types of implants (Screw, Plates, Rods) are available.

If necessary, they can use bone cement called PMMA. The joint is replaced if there is less chance of bone fracture in the hip fracture.

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