Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis  Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Deep vein thrombosis is a condition in which a blood clot forms inside a vein somewhere in the body. Profound vein apoplexy generally happens in the lower leg or thigh, in spite of the fact that it can here and there happen in different pieces of the body too. A blood clot is clotted blood that can move with the blood to other places. This seems to be an entanglement of the employable method.

  • Enlarging of the feet, lower legs, and feet, principally on one side
  • pain with cramping in the same leg that begins with your shin
  • severe pain in feet and ankles
  • hot rash on the skin
  • yellow, red, or blue discoloration of the skin in the affected area

Upper limb DVT symptoms are usually mild,

  • neck or shoulder pain
  • swelling of the arm or hand
  • blue spot
  • arm to wrist pain
  • weakness of arm muscles

As a rule, it isn't perceived until an individual needs to go to crisis administrations to be determined to have an aspiratory embolism. This means that a blood clot has traveled through the leg to the lungs and is blocking an important artery. Signs of which are –

  • Dizziness
  • to sweat
  • Increase in chest pain when coughing and breathing
  • high respiratory rate
  • coughing up blood
  • increased heart rate


  • vascular wall injury
  • Post-medical procedure - A physical issue to a vein during a medical procedure can prompt the development of blood clusters. The risk of DVT increases with excessive rest and no movement.
  • Sedentary lifestyle/inactivity – The accumulation of blood in the legs due to excessive sitting habit. Gradually it develops into a clot.
  • Certain medications can increase the chances of blood clots forming.

Dangers of DVT:

  • Age – 50 and above
  • bone fracture
  • weight gain
  • genetic disposal
  • venous catheter
  • birth control pills or hormone therapy
  • excessive smoking
  • sedentary life
  • clotting disorder
  • cancer
  • colic
  • heart failure
  • Pregnancy – 5 – 10 times higher risk than the average person. Therefore, it is important for women to stand on their feet as soon as possible after delivery.
  • More people traveling by air.


  • Verbal questions to know the symptoms
  • Physical examination
  • ultrasound
  • venogram x-ray
  • D-dimer test – test for substances released from the clot

Treatment – ​​This mostly turns out to be a medical emergency and requires immediate diagnosis.

Medication Management:

  • blood thinners
  • Thrombolytic Intravenous Drugs

  1. Special boosters called 'Latics' are offered to eliminate blood clots
  2. Starting immediately leads to the best results
  3. One 48-minute session for DVT
  4. Most effective and commonly used

  • Compression stockings to prevent swelling and the development of clots.
  • Preventing clots from entering the lungs by placing a filter in the abdominal vein until it is eliminated with the drug. Then these filters have to be withdrawn.
  • Surgical management – ​​when exceptionally large clots have formed.

  1. Thrombectomy – Cut the blood vessel, locate, remove and stitch back the clot. A balloon is inserted to inflate the blood vessel so that surgery can be performed.

Dangers in surgical management:

  • Infection
  • damage to the pulse
  • bleeding more

Conservative Management:

  • ankle-to-toe walking – move legs while sitting or lying down
  • Kneeling – Lie down alternately by pulling each knee to the chest, repeat it
  • Make a circle with both the ankles of both the feet

Lifestyle Changes:

  • Incorporate short walks into your routine
  • Use a stool to keep the feet at the same level as your body while sitting
  • Use compression stockings
  • quit smoking
  • lose weight

Diet Therapy:

  • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables
  • eat less meat or not eat
  • Reduce Vitamin K Intake

Age is just one of those factors mentioned; Anyone can get DVT at any age. It's always good to know and read about it.

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